Prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland, which is part of the male sexual reproductive system. It mainly affects older men. If caught and treated early, patient may only suffer from limited, temporary side effects.

What causes prostate cancer?
The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known but there are several risk factors that can increase your chances of developing it:
• Men older than 60
• Genetics –having a father or brother who had prostate cancer
• Diet high in fat (especially animal fat)
• Excessive consumption of alcohol

Having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that a person will definitely get prostate cancer but can increase their chances of developing it.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Many patients don’t experience symptoms and can be diagnosed only if a screening blood test called the PSA test is done. For that reason, routine screening is encouraged. Early detection screening tests can be taken at KHCC’s Early Detection Clinic.
For patients who experience symptoms, these are usually:
• Urine retention or problems urinating
• Blood in the urine
• Back or leg pain
• Loss of appetite and bone pain (when the cancer has spread)

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
At KHCC, a variety of diagnostic techniques are used to accurately detect and stage prostate cancer including:
• Complete physical examination
• Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test to test for a protein produced by cells in the prostate gland
• Prostate biopsy
• Transrectal ultrasound to provide images of the prostate gland the surrounding tissue
• CT scan of the pelvis and a bone scan if there is risk of metastasis (spread of the cancer)
How is prostate cancer treated at KHCC?
The treating physician will present the case to the MDC panel who will determine the right treatment for the patient depending on how much the cancer has spread throughout the body.

At KHCC, prostate cancer is usually treated through a combination of treatments depending on the size of the tumor and stage of diagnosis. Treatment options may include radiation therapy with surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy and hormone therapy.

At KHCC, prostate cancer patients receive top quality care through a multidisciplinary team of specialists highly experienced in treating prostate cancer

Supportive Care
The genitourinary multidisciplinary clinic works in close cooperation with other departments at KHCC so that prostate cancer patients receive the most comprehensive care possible. Supportive care services at KHCC include: