Testicular cancer

What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer is cancer which forms in the testicles, part of the male reproductive system. The testicles are glands that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone.

What causes testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer almost always starts in the germ cells, which are the cells in the testicles that produce sperm. Testicular cancer is more common in young to middle-aged males.

The exact cause of testicular cancer is not known but there are several risk factors that can increase your chances of developing it:
• Having an undescended testicle
• Having had abnormal development of the testicles
• Having a previous history of testicular cancer
• Having a family history of testicular cancer (especially in a father or brother)*

Having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that a person will definitely get testicular cancer but can increase his chances of developing it.

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
• Pain in either testicle, or a change in how it feels
• Swelling or discomfort in the scrotum or testicles
• Pain or ache in the groin or lower abdomen
• Fluid build-up in the scrotum

How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
At KHCC, a variety of diagnostic techniques are used to accurately detect and stage testicular cancer including:
• Complete physical examination
• testicular biopsy
• Ultrasound to provide images of the testicles and the surrounding tissue
• Blood tests to test for any abnormal cells

How is testicular cancer treated at KHCC?
The treating physician will present the case to the MDC panel who will determine the right treatment for the patient depending on how much the cancer has spread throughout the body.

At KHCC, testicular cancer is usually treated through a combination of treatments depending on the size of the tumor and stage of diagnosis. Treatment options may include radiation therapy with surgery, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy.

Certain treatment options can cause infertility so we encourage patients who wish to have children at a later stage to use sperm banking before proceeding with treatment.

At KHCC, testicular cancer patients receive top quality care through a multidisciplinary team of specialists highly experienced in treating testicular cancer

Supportive Care
The genitourinary multidisciplinary clinic works in close cooperation with other departments at KHCC so that testicular cancer patients receive the most comprehensive care possible. Supportive care services at KHCC include: